My surprise comes because this has irritated me for a while so whenever I see a situation where it might be called, I look at the ref to see if his arm is raised. I'm still waiting.
For instance, a defender winning a goal kick by blocking off the attacker should be whistled.
Only if it's not within playing distance of the ball. They are generally a bit loose with this, but for the ball going out for a goal kick it tends to be close enough that the shielding defender could play the ball if he wanted.